The Direct Effects of Steroids
It is well-known that the negative effects of steroids, as well as the positive ones depend on the quantity of steroids one uses, on the period of time over which they use them, on different genetic factors and on other similar elements. It is very important if one uses steroids while taking other medicines, too and if they have any illnesses. It is considered that the ones who inject steroids have bigger problems than the ones who take them orally. The negative side effects can be light, but there are also very serious ones. The few studies which have been done have showed that these chemical substances don’t have a direct effect on someone’s life, although they tend to shorten and end the life of the animals they are tested on.
Being substances which are similar to testosterone, steroids destroy the hormonal balance, causing irreversible changes. The reversible ones would be the reduction of the quantity of sperm one can produce through spermatozoa, infertility, the shrinkage of the testicles, impotence or an exaggerated stimulation. This is caused by the negative feedback. One can also become bald or their prostate can increase, as well as their mammal glands.
Steroids also lead to the growth cartilages shutting down. Once the bones stop growing, the individual themselves also stop growing, their maximum height being reduced to the height a teenager usually has. There are also different cases in which one can become taller than they should, but this only happens if the steroids don’t get to shut down the growth cartilages in their bones. On the other hand, steroids allow different bones and cartilages to stay receptive for a while and they don’t affect the chin, the eyebrows, the nose or the bone above the eyebrows. The tendons lose their resistance as they are faced with forces they cannot sustain, this usually leading to their breakage.
Thee substances also affect the cardiovascular system. One who is on steroids can have vascular accidents, heart attacks, very high blood pressure or arteriosclerosis. Last but not least, they can present clots, which lead to respiratory arrest and to brain damage. Steroids also have a negative impact on the liver, on the skin and on the hair. They stimulate the sebaceous glands, causing acne and the thickening of the hair and skin. Also, they increase the amount of hair that grows on one’s body, but they also result in baldness. There are also consequences on the kidneys, even tumors being caused by the administration of steroids.
Last but not least, there can be damage at the level of the prostate, this gland being directly influenced by the DHT, which is a sort of testosterone. The risks of getting prostate cancer are very high. However, this connection has not been proven so far. This hormone can come from the conversion of the testosterone or from that of different steroids, but this is only an indirect connection because steroids derive from DHT so that they don’t meddle with the estrogen in one’s body.